What is Fire Fighting Sprinkler System?
An automatic fire sprinkler system installation is highly necessary as it can detect, control and extinguish a fire, and warn the occupants of occurrence of fire. Fire sprinkler installation is acknowledged as an efficient means of protecting buildings against extensive damage from fire. The sprinkler fitting installation comprises fire sprinkler system components such as fire pumps, water storage tanks, sprinkler heads, control valve sets, flow-switches, pressure switches, pipework, and valves. The fire safety sprinkler system operates automatically without human intervention.
It is advisable to consider an automatic fire sprinkler in more complex buildings, or where it is necessary to protect the means of escape or the property or contents of the building. The fire protection sprinkler systems are also now acknowledged as an effective means of reducing the risk to life from fire, therefore fire prevention systems like a sprinkler for fire safety are being developed to be used in workplaces with residential areas, such as care homes and houses in multiple occupancies.
How do fire sprinklers system work?
Sprinklers are individually operated by the heat from a fire, which means when a fire starts, hot gases rise to the ceiling. A glass bulb or solder link gets hot, and at a specific temperature (typically 68°C), it breaks, releasing a cap and allowing water to flow onto a diffuser. The diffuser breaks up the water flow into controlled droplets which enter the fire trail and cool the burning material to below its explosion point, thus controlling the fire. In other words, the sprinklers are connected to pipework filled with water, supplied either from the water mains or from a storage tank through a pump - as soon as a sprinkler operates, the flow of water in the pipework operates a flow switch, which, in turn, operates an alarm system and Rescue Service.